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Biography Fritz Winter

1905 Fritz Winter is born on September 22 in Altenbögge near Unna, the son of a miner and the eldest of eight children.
1919 Apprenticeship as a mining electrician; works as an electrician and miner after successfully completing his training.
1924 First attempts at painting and drawing; involves himself with the work of Paula Modersohn-Becker and Vincent van Gogh, period of unemployment.
1926 Travels around Belgium and the Netherlands in van Gogh’s footsteps.
1927 – 1930 Studies at the Staatliches Bauhaus in Dessau under Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Oskar Schlemmer, Joost Schmidt and others.
  First participation in exhibitions, ‘Junge Bauhausmaler’ (Young Bauhaus Artists) in 1929 in Brunswick, Halle a. d. Saale, Erfurt and Krefeld.
1929 − 1930 Visits Ernst Ludwig Kirchner in Davos; first solo exhibition at the Buchhandlung Heintz, Neu und Zahn in Davos.
1930 Moves to Berlin, works as a freelance artist, spends three months in Naum Gabo’s studio, group ‘Studio Z’ with Franz Ehrlich and Heinz Loew, first solo exhibition in Germany at the Kunststube Buchholz Berlin.
1931 – 1932 Teaches at the Pädagogische Akademie in Halle.
1932 Travels to Italy: Alto Adige, Bologna, Florence, Padua and Milan.
1933 Moves to Allach near Munich with his companion, Margarete Schreiber-Rüffer, and her son, Klaus-Dietrich.
1935 Moves to Dießen am Ammersee.
1936 Accepted into the Reichskulturkammer (Reich Chamber of Culture).
1937 Works by Fritz Winter in public collections are confiscated as part of the campaign against ‘degenerate’ art; prohibited from painting.
1939 – 1945 Called up for military service; the Invasion of Poland; the Invasion of Russia.
  Takes home and convalescent leave from the front on several occasions due to injuries. In 1944, on one of these breaks, creates Triebkräfte der Erde in Dießen.
1945 – 1949 Russian prisoner of war in Siberia and on the Volga.
1946 Works included in various art exhibitions thanks to the initiative taken by Margarete Schreiber-Rüffer and friends, including Will Grohmann and Ottomar Domnick.
1949 Returns to Dießen from captivity on May 10. Founder member of ZEN 49 at the Galerie Stangl.
1950 Travels to Italy and France, meets Hans Hartung and Pierre Soulages in Paris, 2nd prize at the Venice Biennale.
1951 Domnick Prize, Stuttgart; 1st prize from the Deutscher Künstlerbund (Association of German Artists), Berlin.
1952 Winner of the ‘Konrad-von-Soest-Preis’; prize at the ‘Eisen und Stahl’ exhibition in Düsseldorf.
1953 Visiting lecturer at the Landeskunstschule Hambur, marries Margarete Schreiber-Rüffer.
1954 Leaves the Deutscher Künstlerbund after disagreements with the First Chairman, Carl Hofer, about abstract painting.
1955 Professorship at the Staatliche Hochschule für bildende Künste, Kassel, awarded prize at 9th International Exhibition in Lissone, participates in documenta 1 in Kassel.
1956 Cornelius Prize awarded by the City of Düsseldorf.
1957 International graphics award, Tokyo; prize winner at the Internationale Bauausstellung (Architecture Exhibition), Berlin; ‘Association Belge des Critiques d’Art’ award.
1958 Prize winner at the World Fair in Brussels; art prize of the City of Berlin; 2nd prize, ‘Premio Marzotto’, Milan, the death of his wife throws him into a state of deep depression.
1959 ‘Großer Kunstpreis’, North Rhine-Westphalia, following a long period of illness, marries Waltraud Schreiber, Margarete’s daughter from her first marriage, participates in documenta 2 in Kassel.
1961 Builds a studio in Dießen.
1965 – 1966 First major retrospective to mark Fritz Winter’s 60th birthday held in Kassel, Koblenz, Hanover, Mannheim, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart and Berlin.
1970 Retires from his professorship in Kassel, withdraws to Dießen.
1972 ‘Pour le mérite’ Order for the Arts and Sciences.
1974 ‘Großes Verdienstkreuz mit Stern’ (Grand Merit Cross with Star) of the Federal Republic of Germany, death of his second wife, Waltraud Schreiber-Winter, presents a large part of his estate to the Galerie-Verein München e.V. as a basis for the Fritz-Winter-Stiftung (Fritz Winter Foundation), for which approval is granted in 1981.
1975 The Fritz-Winter-Haus in Ahlen, Westphalia is established.
1976 Fritz Winter dies on October 1 in Herrsching am Ammersee. Awarded the ‘Rubens-Preis der Stadt Siegen’ posthumously in 1977.
Fritz Winter in his studio